النمساوي فيليكس يحطم الرقم التاريخي بالقفز الحر
حطم المغامر النمساوي فيليكس بومجارتنر الرقم القياسي لاعلى ارتفاع يصل اليه بالون مأهول اليوم الأحد بعد??? أن ارتفع بالونه 37 كيلومترا فوق نيو مكسيكو. وقال رعاة المشروع ان بومجارتنر (43 عاما) كان داخل كبسولة الحقت بالبالون الضخم المزود بغاز الهيليوم فوق روزويل بولاية نيو مكسيكو. وكان يهدف الى تحطيم اربعة ارقام قياسية من بينها القفز من الكبسولة ليصبح أول انسان يحطم سرعة الصوت في سقوط حر هكذا نجح النمساوي المغامر فيليكس بوماجنتر في خطوة جريئة، بتحطيم الرقم القياسي عالمياً بقفزه بجسده فقط ودون محركات ليحقق بذلك تخليدا لإسمه في التاريخ. ورغم أن الأخير لم يتمكن من تحطيم الرقم القياسي الأخير من الهبوط الحر الذي حققه سلفه جو كيتنر بـ4 دقائق و36 ثانية، فإن فليكس قد استعد للمحاولة من جديد للقفز الحر بمظلة من منطاد على ارتفاع حوالي 37 كيلومتراً فوق صحراء ولاية نيو مكسيكو الامريكية في محاولة لتحطيم الرقم القياسي المسجل. بعد أن حاول القفز الاسبوع الماضي لكنها تأجلت بسبب شدة الرياح في روزويل …
Red Bull Stratos, a project five years in the making, will finally take flight today. Skydiver Felix Baumgartner will fall from near-space about 23 miles above the Earth’s surface, breaking the speed of sound in the process. He will be the first free-falling human to break the sound barrier. Baumgartner will also collect three other world records: highest manned balloon flight, highest altitude jump (both will be 120,000 feet) and longest time in free fall (about five-and-a-half minutes).
The team’s plan to launch this week has been delayed by windy conditions, but the team hopes today will be the day. Follow our live updates below by refreshing your browser; all times are EST.
2:09PM That was absolutely terrifying and I now have pools of sweat on my laptop. Baumgartner’s legs were spinning wildly and the broadcast cut away for a moment, but he slowed his spin and is in a controlled descent now. He is communicating with Mission Control. Three minutes in freefall now.
2:08PM He’s done it, he’s broken the speed of sound! And he went into what looked like a wild spin, but he’s reestablished a steady fall and is safely descending now.
2:08PM All we hear is Felix’s heavy breathing as an infrared camera tries to keep up with the plummeting Baumgartner.
2:07PM Felix gives a salute, leans over the edge and he jumps! He’s falling! That was fast!
2:06PM Felix gives a thumbs up, literally from the edge of his seat. I’m also on mine.
2:05PM ”Your chute’s okay, Felix!” says Kittinger from Mission Control.
2:04PM His feet are out, preparing to stand. Baumgartner has released his seat belt.
2:03PM Door open! AH! He’s in near-space!
2:01PM Two and a half hours in. Kittinger notes that the door will open automatically once the cabin pressure is low enough.
1:59PM Cabin is being depressurized. The air pressure inside and outside needs to be equal before the door can be opened.
1:57PM Baumgartner confirms that his suit is inflated and pressurized.
1:56PM Temperature is actually above zero up there. Still frigid. Outside air pressure is 0.07 psi. That is incredibly low.
1:55PM “Item 20, adjust helmet tie down.” That one sounds pretty important. Helmet is tied on! Now pressurizing his suit.
1:54PM Baumgartner slides his seat forwards, he’s preparing to open the door.
1:53PM Balloon is holding at 127,708 feet. I have no idea what most of these checklist items mean but they sound really cool. Felix has his visor down and is checking that his helmet is sealed now.
1:52PM Baumgartner is adjusting the cockpit to open up his path to the door.
1:50PM I’m actually sweating right now. Baumgartner now activating his chest pack cameras.
1:48PM And we get radio transmissions back! Time to go through the checklist.
1:46PM Oh well, now he’s rising again. Up to 125,000 feet and suddenly climbing at more than 2,000 feet per minute. I don’t think anybody expected that one. They are discussing releasing some helium from the balloon to stop the climb.
1:45PM Remember, it’s not easy enough to just jump. To prevent going into an uncontrollable spin, Baumgartner will need to hold a “delta position,” diving at an angled pitch with his head downwards and arms at his side.
1:43PM “It looks like the balloon is at its maximum altitude.” Game time! They need to check all systems and begin depressurizing the capsule.
1:42PM Baumgartner will jump. Time to go through the final jump checklist. Hopefully we get some radio transmissions back to listen in.
1:40PM And he’s over 120,000 feet, still rising. We’re very close now.
1:37PM We’re past the two hour mark. Baumgartner’s climb has slowed and temperature is back up to just below zero.
1:34PM Still unclear what happens if they can’t get face heating up and running properly. It’s possible for him to come back down in capsule, but it would be a hairy descent with very little oxygen.
1:32PM 114,000 feet and counting. He now has the record for highest manned balloon flight.
1:31PM Baumgartner’s tinted visor is lowered, and he now appears to be auditioning for the part of evil scientist in E.T.
1:28PM No heating in his face mask is not a problem in capsule, but “would be an issue upon jumping.” No kidding.
1:25PM Here’s an awesome angle of Mission Control we haven’t been shown on the live broadcast. That’s a lot of monitors.
1:24PM And we’re told visor heating is still an issue. We still haven’t heard any radio transmissions between Mission Control and the capsule since they were cut when Baumgartner first mentioned issue. Probably not the best way of handling things…
They finally address the issue of no heat in Baumgartner’s face plate, 32 minutes after it was raised & capcomm cut off.
1:22PM So close now. Broadcast makes mention that balloon has traveled higher than calculated float altitude in both test jumps. The jump might actually take place from closer to 130,000 feet if balloon keeps rising.
1:19PM And he’s passed it. Baumgartner now heading for the record for highest manned balloon flight, set in 1961.
1:18PM Baumgartner is closing in on 102,800 feet, the altitude of Joe Kittinger’s record 1960 jump. He apparently made the jump with a slight tear in his suit, which is pretty much insane.
1:14PM The capsule now passing 97,000 feet, Baumgartner’s jump altitude in his July test jump.
1:10PM Baumgartner has two parachutes on his back, his main rig and a reserve chute. He has to be traveling at about 172 miles per hour or slower for them to be deployed safely. The main chute is 270-square-feet and will be deployed at about 5,000 feet above Earth.
1:08PM We’ve got about 30 minutes or so to go. Baumgartner gives the thumbs up from inside the cockpit, so either the face mask heating issue is resolved or our fearless flier is wearing his chapstick. Hoping it’s the former.
1:05PM Capsule now moving at 14 miles per hour. Nearing in on 90,000 feet about an hour and a half in.
1:03PM More information about heating: the faceplate heater has not been working properly, and Mission Control/Baumgartner are currently “troubleshooting” the issue. That took long enough.
1:02PM At over 85,000 feet, Baumgartner is higher than pretty much any airplane can travel. We finally get another look inside the cockpit and everything seems okay.
1:00PM We haven’t heard any radio communication from Mission Control since Baumgartner raised an issue about the heater. He didn’t sound too worried, but we’re still in the dark about whether everything is okay. Thankfully temperature will warm up as he goes higher, though “warm” is still below zero.
12:57PM This is actually the third Red Bull Stratos jump, following two test jumps in the last few months. The second jump was from about 97,000 feet. Baumgartner fell for nearly four minutes in freefall, reaching a top speed of 537 miles per hour.
12:55PM Baumgartner will break the speed of sound (about 690 miles per hour at that altitude) in about 30-40 seconds after jumping. Scientists and physicists are actually not sure what will happen then. Some believe there are not enough air particles to cause much of a shock/sonic boom. Others are not so certain.
12:52PM Baumgartner can now see the curvature of the Earth. The balloon is beginning to take on a more rounded shape at this altitude.
12:51PM Everything looks very simple and easygoing, but human beings should not be able to survive here. Check out this piece on Baumgartner’s suit, designed by the David Clark Company, and how it keeps him alive.
12:49PM Wow. Apparently in last test jump Baumgartner couldn’t hear whether his parachute was okay, so he jumped without knowing. Crazy.
12:48PM Baumgartner can’t see behind him because of helmet/suit, so he has a mirror in the capsule and Kittinger will inform him from mission control if parachute is okay.
12:45PM Temperature now warming back up. It’s at about -72°F. Here’s a cool graph from Red Bull Stratos about temperature changes at high altitudes.
10:51AM Looks like they are moving the capsule closer to the balloon. It’s a slow, tedious process and even then the capsule is visibly rocking.
10:48AM The balloon is seriously enormous. It’s top will reach to about 700 feet up before launch and it has a capacity of 30 million cubic feet.
10:45AM Spotted a few high fives being shared among team members, and we get our first shot of the balloon being filled!
10:42AM Our next update from the team should come in a few minutes. Hopefully we’ll get some good news!
10:40AM The team is releasing smaller balloons to track wind speed and direction at various altitudes.
10:23AM He was also the first person to BASE jump off Taipei 101, then the world’s tallest building. To complete that jump a friend created a distraction so he could scale a rooftop barrier and leap. Wild.
10:22AM Some cool facts about Baumgartner: he holds to record for the lowest BASE jump after leaping from a hand of Brazil’s Chris the Redeemer, just 95 feet above the ground.
10:19AM Even calm winds more than a few miles per hour can be dangerous because of the size of the balloon being used. Hopefully the weather clears for long enough that the team can fill the balloon and send Baumgartner on his hours-long upward journey.
10:18AM The latest update: they have yet to begin filling the balloon and won’t begin the process until winds calm down enough for a safe launch.
10:17 AM Our broadcast goes live! We get our first shot of Baumgartner in his capsule. He is pre-breathing as the team keeps close tabs on winds about 700 feet up.
World’s Biggest Daredevils
This is list is far from comprehensive, and it reflects a slight bias towards past resumes over current or recent achievements. But all ten of these athletes have pushed the very limits of human performance and rank among the most daring people currently walking the earth. Join us in the comments section to tell us who we missed or who you think is the world’s top daredevil.
10:15AM We also discussed the world’s biggest daredevils earlier this week. Who makes your list?
10:12AM Red Bull Stratos has created a cool game in which you can guess where Baumgartner will land after his jump. Check it out here.
10:10AM Some cool facts while we wait: the helium balloon is just 0.0008 inches thick. Unfilled, it weighs 3,708 pounds and would cover 40 acres if laid flat. Reportedly it’s the largest balloon to ever be blown up.
10:05AM Baumgartner has been pre-breathing pure oxygen for about an hour now. The pre-breathing process is supposed to reduce the amount of nitrogen in his body, helping him safely handle the rapid changes in air pressure.
10:02AM Mike Todd, the team’s life support engineer, is doing some final checks on the capsule along with his team. Baumgartner is currently geared up and running through his launch checklist.
9:52AM The Red Bull Stratos team is moving forward with plans to launch today. The team is aiming for a launch time of 11:15 EST, but our next update should come in about 20 minutes. Stay tuned!
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